HMS Endeavour Ship Model

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HMS Endeavour Ship Model

The HMS Endeavour model ship measures 38" Long x 13" Wide x 32" High.
The HMS Endeavour ship model is built from scratch by experienced master artisans and is not from any sort of kit. This historic model ship comes with a high quality, conditioned wood base complete with its own brass name plate. Skilled builders and artisans are responsible for the construction of every one of our handcrafted wooden model ships. To create a sturdy, perfectly aligned, built-to-scale masterpiece, each model’s frame and hull have to be precisely assembled.

  • The HMS Endeavour model ship measures 38" Long x 13" Wide x 32" High.

  • We rely on extensive research, various pictures, original plans, drawings and digital imaging to build our tall ship models to scale.

  • The highest quality rare woods (e.g. ebony, rosewood, blackwood, mahogany, jackwood and sycamore) are used to construct all of our wood model ships.

  • The wood is subjected to specific seasoning procedures to ensure that our models will withstand severe climate changes and will never warp or split.

  • The detailed, hand-stitched sails are constructed of fine linen.

  • The detailed rigging's and linings are also of linen, and are painstakingly fastened by hand.

  • Ornaments and decorations (e.g. cannons, portholes, anchors, dials and wheels among other details) are sculpted of brass, chrome and other metals.

Skilled builders and artisans are responsible for the construction of every one of our handcrafted wooden model ships. To create a sturdy, perfectly aligned, built-to-scale masterpiece, each model’s frame and hull have to be precisely assembled. Narrow pieces of wood are cut into individual planks and then fastened one-by-one to the frame of the ship’s hull. When the frame planking is finished, individual pieces of wood are then fastened to the exterior of the hull, finalizing this assiduous process.

Each model ship is micro-sanded a number of times to ensure maximal uptake for paint and varnish. Each time the model is micro-sanded, a layer of primer, paint and varnish is applied. This time-consuming re-application and layering process is what gives our models their realistic sheen.

Each HMS Endeavour model ship is inspected at various steps of manufacturing and shipping to ensure the highest quality and the most historical accuracy possible for your investment.

Historic Past:

His Majesty's Bark Endeavour was originally a merchant collier named Earl of Pembroke (after the then Earl), whose construction was completed by early 1768 at Whitby, North Yorkshire. She was ship-rigged, and sturdily built with a capacious hold. Despite not being very fast, her flat-bottomed hull was well-suited to sailing in shallow waters and more importantly for her proposed use: she was, like other colliers of the north-east coast of England, designed to be beached. Her overall length was 32.3 m (keel 27.7 m), beam 8.9 m, and she weighed 400 tonnes (397 tons).

Purchased by the Admiralty.
In February of 1768 the Royal Society of London petitioned King George III to finance a scientific expedition to the Pacific Ocean.[citation needed] The expedition's ostensible purpose was to study and observe the 1769 transit of Venus across the sun (in concert with several other observations to be made from different locations). However, a more pragmatic reason was to be relayed to her captain by the Admiralty in additional instructions; namely, to search out the southern Pacific for signs of the postulated continent, Terra Australis Incognita (Unknown southern land).

The mission approved, the newly-built ship was purchased by the Royal Navy for the sum of £2307 5s. 6d. and assigned for use in the Society's expedition. She was renamed Endeavour after a major refit at Deptford on the River Thames in 1768, her improvements including caulking the hull and adding a third deck to prepare her for her new role as an exploration vessel. Classified by the Navy as a bark, she was known as Endeavour Bark to distinguish her from another Endeavour in the Royal Navy. She transported 94 people on her first voyage. This 18th century use of the term 'bark' should not be confused with the barques of the later 19th and early 20th century.

Alexander Dalrymple from the Royal Society was first proposed for command of the voyage,[1] but he made it a condition that he be given a commission with rank of captain, since otherwise the crew would not be subject to naval discipline under him. First Lord of the Admiralty Edward Hawke refused, going so far as to say he would rather cut off his right hand than sign a commission trusting one of His Majesty's ships to a non-seaman! Hawke may well have had in mind a recent case of Dr Halley who was given such a commission and the sailors refused to recognise his authority.

The impasse was broken by Philip Stephens proposing James Cook who had done good work as a surveyor in Newfoundland and Labrador. The admiralty board accepted this and promoted Cook to the rank of lieutenant on 25 May 1768. (As commander of the ship he was naturally called captain by those onboard.) Dalrymple took this disappointment badly.

Other notable members on the expedition were the naturalists Sir Joseph Banks from England, Dr. Herman Spöring from Finland, Daniel Solander from Sweden (the Oxford University honoured the Swede with a Doctorate of Law after this expedition)[citation needed] and the English astronomer Charles Green, who was to be in charge of making the astronomical observations.

Cook's voyage.
The voyage departed Plymouth on August 8, 1768, and took them to the Madeira Islands, along the west coast of Africa and across the Atlantic to South America, arriving in Rio de Janeiro on November 13, 1768. The next leg rounded Cape Horn into the South Pacific and on to Tahiti, where she remained for the next three months while preparations were made for observing the transit of Venus.

Her ostensible mission now completed, she continued with her "unannounced" tasks of charting the Southern Hemisphere. The Endeavour sailed from Tahiti to New Zealand, where she spent the next six months surveying and mapping the coast under constant harassment from the Maori population. From New Zealand she moved west to the coast of Australia, sighting land on April 19, 1770. On April 29, Cook and crew made their first landfall on the continent, at a place now known as Kurnell. At first Cook bestowed the name Stingaree (Stingray) Bay to the inlet after the many such creatures found there; this was later changed to Botanist Bay and finally Botany Bay after the unique specimens retrieved by the botanists Joseph Banks, Daniel Solander and Herman Spöring.

For the next four months Cook charted the coast of Australia, until the ship ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef.

JD on 03/04/2013 01:10pm

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